3 edition of Development of carbon slurry fuels for transportation (hybrid fuels-phase II) found in the catalog.
Development of carbon slurry fuels for transportation (hybrid fuels-phase II)
|Statement||T.W. Ryan, and L.G. Dodge ; prepared for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center under contract DEN 3-263 for U.S. Department of Energy, Conservation and Renewable Energy, Office of Vehicle and Engine R&D under interagency agreement DE-A101-81CS50006|
|Series||NASA CR -- 174659, NASA contractor report -- 174659|
|Contributions||Dodge, L. G, Lewis Research Center, United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Vehicle and Engine Research and Development, Southwest Research Institute|
|The Physical Object|
determine how the carbon intensity of California’s transportation fuels will be reduced. B. Fuel Carbon Intensity A fuel pathway CI consists of the sum of the greenhouse gases emitted throughout the production and use life cycle of the fuel, expressed on a per-unit-of-fuel-energy basis. It is denominated in units of gCO 2 e/MJ. A key aspect of carbon pricing is the “polluter pays” principle. By putting a price on carbon, society can hold emitters responsible for the serious costs of adding GHG emissions to the atmosphere; these costs include polluted air, warming temperatures, and various attendants ills (threats to public health and to food and water supplies, increased risk of certain dangerous weather events).
The most direct and effective policy for transitioning to low-carbon alternative transportation fuels is to spur innovation with a comprehensive performance standard for upstream fuel producers. When it comes to energy security and climate change concerns, transportation is the principal culprit. Carbon dioxide removal through the permanent sequestration of biogenic CO2 is a critical technique for climate change mitigation, but most bioenergy with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technologies are technically immature or commercially unavailable. In contrast, examples of CCS of biogenic CO2 resulting from fermentation emissions already exist at scale.
Ethanol (CH3CH2OH) is a renewable fuel that can be made from various plant materials, collectively known as “biomass.” Ethanol is an alcohol used as a blending agent with gasoline to increase octane and cut down carbon monoxide and other smog-causing emissions. The most common blend of ethanol is E10 (10% ethanol, 90% gasoline). The U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program conducts research and development in hydrogen production, delivery, infrastructure, storage, fuel cells, and multiple end uses across transportation, industrial, and stationary power applications. The program also includes activities in technology validation, manufacturing, analysis, systems development and integration, safety.
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Development of carbon slurry fuels for transporation (hybrid fuels-Phase II) Article (PDF Available) May with 40 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Get this from a library. Development of carbon slurry fuels for transportation (hybrid fuels-phase II). [T W Ryan; L G Dodge; Lewis Research Center.; United States.
Department of Energy. Office of Vehicle and Engine Research and Development.; Southwest Research Institute.]. Burning fossil fuels like gasoline and diesel releases carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere.
The buildup of carbon dioxide (CO 2) and other greenhouse gases like methane (CH 4), nitrous oxide (N 2 O), and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) is causing the Earth’s atmosphere to warm, resulting in changes to the climate we are already.
Development of carbon slurry fuels for transportation (hybrid fuels-phase II) [microform] / T.W. Ryan, a Slurry concentration meters: state of the art and literature review / by R.C. Baker & J. Hemp; Slurry pipelining in Australia / by Maurice J.
de Rohan. Development of carbon slurry fuels for transportation (hybrid fuels-phase II) [microform] / T.W. Ryan, a Centrifugal pumps / H.
Anderson; Investigation of a rubber membrane for an air activated displacement type pump / by E. Betz and O. Scott; Solar-dried slurried low-rank coal [microform]: pilot plant / by B. Anderson. Ryan, T.W. III and L.G. Dodge, "Development of Carbon Slurry Fuels for Transportation (Hybrid Fuels - Phase II)," Prepared for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center Under Contract DEN for U.S.
Department of Energy Report No. Alternative Fuels StrategiesAn alternative fuel, most generally defined, is any fuel other than the traditional selections, gasoline and diesel, used to produce energy or power.
The emissions impact and energy output provided by alternative fuels varies, depending on the fuel source. Examples of alternative fuels include biodiesel, ethanol, electricity, propane, compressed natural gas, and. Wall, R. Development of carbon slurry fuels for transportation book Stanger, in Oxy-Fuel Combustion for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture, Introduction.
Reduction of greenhouse gas emission from coal-fired power generation can be achieved by efficiency improvement, switching to lower carbon fuels and CO 2 capture and storage (CCS) (Wall, ; ).A report released by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) indicates.
Transportation of bulk materials in the form of a slurry through piping systems is a most efficient and effective mechanism. Piping systems can take many forms from overland pipelines to mineral processing plants, coal washeries and the like. This Manual sets out the basic principles and gives a good appreciation of the technology.
Of these, the transportation fuels have the highest value; fuel oils and asphalt the lowest value. Many refined products, such as gasoline, are produced in multiple grades, to meet different specifications and standards (e.g., octane levels, sulfur content).
The effects of carbon black∕diesel fuel slurries on fuel injection systems and performance of an EMD B two-cylinder locomotive research engine when operated on slurry fuel are presented in this t extensive modification to the diesel engine fuel transfer system, carbon black slurries c.
A coal-water slurry fuel is defined by a number of factors including its viscosity, particle size, rate of sedimentation, ignition temperature (– °C [1,–1, °F]), combustion temperature (–1, °C [1,–2, °F]), ash content and calorific value (– kcal/kg).
When coal-water slurry fuel combusts, over ninety-nine percent of its carbon content is consumed. This article is cited by 28 publications. Wenping Ma, Edwin L. Kugler, and, Dady B.
Dadyburjor. Potassium Effects on Activated-Carbon-Supported Iron Catalysts for Fischer−Tropsch Synthesis. Transportation fuel use is expected to grow slightly to ca. 56% of total oil production.
Over the same time period, biofuels will maintain a relatively steady share of unconventional liquid fuel production and grow to between GL/yr & GL/yr ( to million Bbl/d, or % to % of the liquid transportation fuel supply).
The EIA. One of the main by-products of fossil fuel combustion is carbon dioxide (CO 2).The ever-increasing use of fossil fuels in industry, transportation, and construction has added large amounts of CO 2 to Earth’s heric CO 2 concentrations fluctuated between and parts per million by volume (ppmv) of dry air between ce and the late 18th century but increased to Biomass fuels are considered carbon neutral because the carbon released during combustion is taken out of the atmosphere by the species during the growth phase (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC] ).
Because the growth of biomass and its usage as fuel occurs on a very short time-scale, the entire cycle is said to have zero net. Reducing CO2 emissions is a growing challenge for the transport sector.
Transportation produces roughly 23 percent of the global CO2 emissions from fuel combustion. More alarmingly, transportation is the fastest growing consumer of fossil fuels and.
An industrial process for large-scale capture of atmospheric CO 2 (DAC) serves two roles. First, as a source of CO 2 for making carbon-neutral hydrocarbon fuels, enabling carbon-free energy to be converted into high-energy-density fuels.
Solar fuels, for example, may be produced at high-insolation low-cost locations from DAC-CO 2 and electrolytic hydrogen using gas-to-liquids technology.
For efficient coal–water slurry (CWS) gasification, it is very important to prepare CWS with higher carbon content and lower viscosity, which improve CWS heating values and atomization of CWS. However, the trade-off relationship between carbon content and viscosity gives rise to the difficulty in preparing CWS with high carbon content and low viscosity.
Here we report the preparation of CWS. In an aerobic treatment system, influent first enters an aeration tank where the powdered carbon is added, making up a portion of mixed liquor suspended solids.
Once the aeration is completed, the treated wastewater and the carbon-biomass slurry are allowed to settle. In cases where complete solids separation is needed, such as for reuse, an MBR may be used in place of the clarifer.
Based on a presentation to the Platts Bunker & Residual Fuel Oil Conference, New Orleans, JuneSlurry oil is a heavy aromatic by-product of a refinery's fluid catalytic cracking unit.
It offers an alternative to biofuels and a complement to electric vehicles in the effort to displace fossil fuels from transportation. Carbon Engineering has been developing direct air capture (DAC) technology since its inception inand in commissioned a DAC pilot plant in Squamish, B.C., which captures and purifies one tonne of CO2.
The carbon footprint of fossil fuels entails more than the emissions produced during combustion. Some fossil fuels like methane — natural gas — do as much or more damage to the environment between the well and the wake as they do during combustion.
To assess the carbon footprint of fossil fuels, start at the beginning.